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    Ballmedia

    Module:Template translation

    Documentation for this module may be created at Module:Template translation/doc

    local this = {}
    
    function this.checkLanguage(subpage, default)
        --[[Check first if there's an any invalid character that would cause the
            mw.language.isKnownLanguageTag function() to throw an exception:
            - all ASCII controls in [\000-\031\127],
            - double quote ("), sharp sign (#), ampersand (&), apostrophe ('),
            - slash (/), colon (:), semicolon (;), lower than (<), greater than (>),
            - brackets and braces ([, ], {, }), pipe (|), backslash (\\)
            All other characters are accepted, including space and all non-ASCII
            characters (including \192, which is invalid in UTF-8).
        --]]
        if mw.language.isValidCode(subpage) and mw.language.isKnownLanguageTag(subpage)
        --[[However "SupportedLanguages" are too restrictive, as they discard many
            valid BCP47 script variants (only because MediaWiki still does not
            define automatic transliterators for them, e.g. "en-dsrt" or
            "fr-brai" for French transliteration in Braille), and country variants,
            (useful in localized data, even if they are no longer used for
            translations, such as zh-cn, also useful for legacy codes).
            We want to avoid matching subpagenames containing any uppercase letter,
            (even if they are considered valid in BCP 47, in which they are
            case-insensitive; they are not "SupportedLanguages" for MediaWiki, so
            they are not "KnownLanguageTags" for MediaWiki).
            To be more restrictive, we exclude tags
            * for specific uses in template subpages and unusable as language tags;
            * that is not ASCII and not a lowercase letter, minus-hyphen, or digit,
              or does not start by a letter or does not finish by a letter or digit;
            * or that has subtags with more than 8 characters between hyphens;
            * or that has two hyphens.
        --]]
        or  subpage ~= "doc"
        and subpage ~= "layout"
        and subpage ~= "button"
        and subpage ~= "buttons"
        and subpage ~= "sandbox"
        and subpage ~= "testcase"
        and subpage ~= "testcases"
        and string.find(subpage, "^[%l][%-%d%l]*[%d%l]$") ~= nil
        and string.find(subpage, "[%d%l][%d%l][%d%l][%d%l][%d%l][%d%l][%d%l][%d%l][%d%l]") == nil
        and string.find(subpage, "%-%-") == nil then
            return subpage
        end
        -- Otherwise there's currently no known language subpage
        return default
    end
    
    --[[Get the last subpage of an arbitrary page if it is a translation.
        To be used from templates.
        ]]
    function this.getLanguageSubpage(frame)
    	local title = frame and frame.args[1]
    	if not title or title == '' then
    		title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle()
    	end
    	return this._getLanguageSubpage(title)
    end
    
    --[[Get the last subpage of an arbitrary page if it is a translation.
        To be used from Lua.
        ]]
    function this._getLanguageSubpage(title)
    	if type(title) == 'string' then
    		title = mw.title.new(title)
    	end
    	if not title then
    		-- invalid title
    		return nil
    	end
    	--[[This code does not work in all namespaces where the Translate tool works.
    	--  It works in the main namespace on Meta because it allows subpages there
    	--  It would not work in the main namespace of English Wikipedia (but the
    	--  articles are monolignual on that wiki).
    	--  On Meta-Wiki the main space uses subpages and its pages are translated.
    	--  The Translate tool allows translatng pages in all namespaces, even if
    	--  the namespace officially does not have subpages.
    	--  On Meta-Wiki the Category namespace still does not have subpages enabled,
    	--  even if they would be very useful for categorizing templates, that DO have
    	--  subpages (for documentatio and tstboxes pages). This is a misconfiguration
    	--  bug of Meta-Wiki. The work-around is to split the full title and then
    	--  get the last titlepart.
    	local subpage = title.subpageText
    	--]]
    	local titleparts = mw.text.split(title.fullText, '/')
    	local subpage = titleparts[#titleparts]
    	return this.checkLanguage(subpage, '')
    end
    
    --[[Get the last subpage of the current page if it is a translation.
        ]]
    function this.getCurrentLanguageSubpage()
    	return this._getLanguageSubpage(mw.title.getCurrentTitle())
    end
    
    --[[Get the first part of the language code of the subpage, before the '-'.
    --]]
    function this.getMainLanguageSubpage()
    	parts = mw.text.split(this.getCurrentLanguageSubpage(), '-')
    	return parts[1]
    end
    
    --[[Get the last subpage of the current frame if it is a translation.
        Not used locally.
    --]]
    function this.getFrameLanguageSubpage(frame)
    	return this._getLanguageSubpage(frame:getParent():getTitle())
    end
    
    --[[Get the language of the current page. Not used locally.
    --]]
    function this.getLanguage()
        local subpage = mw.title.getCurrentTitle().subpageText
        return this.checkLanguage(subpage, mw.language.getContentLanguage():getCode())
    end
    
    --[[Get the language of the current frame. Not used locally.
    --]]
    function this.getFrameLanguage(frame)
        local titleparts = mw.text.split(frame:getParent():getTitle(), '/')
        local subpage = titleparts[#titleparts]
        return this.checkLanguage(subpage, mw.language.getContentLanguage():getCode())
    end
    
    function this.title(namespace, basepagename, subpage)
        local message, title
        local pagename = basepagename
        if (subpage or '') ~= '' then
            pagename = pagename .. '/' .. subpage
        end
        local valid, title = xpcall(function()
                return mw.title.new(pagename, namespace) -- costly
            end, function(msg) -- catch undocumented exception (!?)
                -- thrown when namespace does not exist. The doc still
                -- says it should return a title, even in that case...
                message = msg
            end)
        if valid and title ~= nil and (title.id or 0) ~= 0 then
            return title
        end
        return { -- "pseudo" mw.title object with id = nil in case of error
            prefixedText = pagename, -- the only property we need below
            message = message -- only for debugging
        }
    end
    
    --[[If on a translation subpage (like Foobar/de), this function returns
        a given template in the same language, if the translation is available.
        Otherwise, the template is returned in its default language, without
        modification.
        This is aimed at replacing the current implementation of Template:TNTN.
    
        This version does not expand the returned template name: this solves the
        problem of self-recursion in TNT when translatable templates need themselves
        to transclude other translable templates (such as Tnavbar).
    --]]
    function this.getTranslatedTemplate(frame, withStatus)
        local args = frame.args
        local pagename = args['template']
        --[[Check whether the pagename is actually in the Template namespace, or
            if we're transcluding a main-namespace page.
            (added for backward compatibility of Template:TNT)
            ]]
        local namespace, title = args['tntns'] or ''
        if namespace ~= '' then -- Checks for tntns parameter for custom ns.
            title = this.title(namespace, pagename) -- Costly
        else -- Supposes that set page is in ns10.
        	namespace = 'Template'
            title = this.title(namespace, pagename) -- Costly
            if title.id == nil then -- not found in the Template namespace, assume the main namespace (for backward compatibility)
        	    namespace = ''
                title = this.title(namespace, pagename) -- Costly
            end
        end
        -- Get the last subpage and check if it matches a known language code.
        local subpage = args['uselang'] or ''
        if subpage == '' then
            subpage = this.getCurrentLanguageSubpage()
        end
        if subpage == '' then
            -- Check if a translation of the pagename exists in English
            local newtitle = this.title(namespace, pagename, 'en') -- Costly
            -- Use the translation when it exists
            if newtitle.id ~= nil then
                title = newtitle
            end
        else
            -- Check if a translation of the pagename exists in that language
            local newtitle = this.title(namespace, pagename, subpage) -- Costly
            if newtitle.id == nil then
                -- Check if a translation of the pagename exists in English
                newtitle = this.title(namespace, pagename, 'en') -- Costly
            end
            -- Use the translation when it exists
            if newtitle.id ~= nil then
                title = newtitle
            end
        end
        -- At this point the title should exist
        if withStatus then
        	-- status returned to Lua function below
            return title.prefixedText, title.id ~= nil
        else
        	-- returned directly to MediaWiki
            return title.prefixedText
        end
    end
    
    --[[If on a translation subpage (like Foobar/de), this function renders
        a given template in the same language, if the translation is available.
        Otherwise, the template is rendered in its default language, without
        modification.
        This is aimed at replacing the current implementation of Template:TNT.
        
        Note that translatable templates cannot transclude themselves other
        translatable templates, as it will recurse on TNT. Use TNTN instead
        to return only the effective template name to expand externally, with
        template parameters also provided externally.
    --]]
    function this.renderTranslatedTemplate(frame)
    	local title, found = this.getTranslatedTemplate(frame, true)
        -- At this point the title should exist prior to performing the expansion
        -- of the template, otherwise render a red link to the missing page
        -- (resolved in its assumed namespace). If we don't tet this here, a
        -- script error would be thrown. Returning a red link is consistant with
        -- MediaWiki behavior when attempting to transclude inexistant templates.
    	if not found then
    		return '[[' .. title .. ']]'
    	end
        -- Copy args pseudo-table to a proper table so we can feed it to expandTemplate.
        -- Then render the pagename.
        local args = frame.args
        local pargs = (frame:getParent() or {}).args
        local arguments = {}
        if (args['noshift'] or '') == '' then
            for k, v in pairs(pargs) do
                local n = tonumber(k) or 0
                if n <= 0 then -- unnumbered args
                    arguments[k] = v
                elseif n >= 2 then -- numbered args >= 2 need to be shifted
                    arguments[n - 1] = v
                end
            end
        else -- special case where TNT is used as autotranslate
        	-- (don't shift again what is shifted in the invokation)
            for k, v in pairs(pargs) do
                arguments[k] = v
            end
        end
        arguments['template'] = title -- override the existing parameter of the base template name supplied with the full name of the actual template expanded
        arguments['tntns'] = nil -- discard the specified namespace override
        arguments['uselang'] = args['uselang'] -- argument forwarded into parent frame
        arguments['noshift'] = args['noshift'] -- argument forwarded into parent frame
        return frame:expandTemplate{title = ':' .. title, args = arguments}
    end
    
    --[[A helper for mocking TNT in Special:TemplateSandbox. TNT breaks
        TemplateSandbox; mocking it with this method means templates won't be
        localized but at least TemplateSandbox substitutions will work properly.
        Won't work with complex uses.
    --]]
    function this.mockTNT(frame)
        local pargs = (frame:getParent() or {}).args
        local arguments = {}
        for k, v in pairs(pargs) do
            local n = tonumber(k) or 0
            if n <= 0 then -- unnumbered args
                arguments[k] = v
            elseif n >= 2 then -- numbered args >= 2 need to be shifted
                arguments[n - 1] = v
            end
        end
        if not pargs[1] then
        	return ''
    	end
        return frame:expandTemplate{title = 'Template:' .. pargs[1], args = arguments}
    end
    
    return this
    
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